A new and innovative type of transistor that makes use of the air gaps in order to eliminate the need for semiconductors is likely to help the scientists in producing comparatively more efficient nanochips. A team of researchers from the RMIT University have recently engineered a new type of transistor, which will send the electrons making use of the narrow gaps. Through these gaps, they can further travel unimpeded instead of sending the electrical currents through the silicon.
Shruti Nirantar, the head author and a PhD candidate in the RMIT University research group of Functional Materials and Microsystems stated that each and every phone and computer has around millions or even billions of the electronic transistors and nanochips that have been designed making use of silicon; however, this technology is expected to face some of the physical limitations, where the silicon atoms are likely to get in the way of the current flow, which will cause heat and limit the speed. In addition, she stated that their air channel transistor technology allows the current flow through air in order to avoid any kind of collisions that will slow it down and will has no resistance in the material so as to produce heat.
Furthermore, while the power of the computer nanochips has almost doubled in about every two years or the last few decades, lately the progress has completely stalled as the engineers have been struggling to design smaller transistor parts. On the other hand, the team of researchers believe that the new device is likely to act as a promising way in order to create nano electronics that will respond to the limitations of the silicon-based electronics.